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What is the thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in the front of the neck. The regulation of the thyroid is done by examining the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). The TSH is secreted by the pituitary gland located in the brain.

The main function of the thyroid gland is the production of thyroid hormones called T4 and T3.

The thyroid tests include the examination of TSH, T3 and T4.

How do you get a thyroid examination?

The examination of the thyroid is done through a blood test. It is not necessary to fast.

For people taking thyroid medication, your doctor can tell you if it is necessary or not to take your medication on the day of your blood test.

There are several symptoms that can be associated with thyroid disease but they differ among diseases, which include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroid disease or not autoimmune, cancer of the thyroid gland and other disorders related to the parathyroid glands.

Chronic fatigue, nervousness, weakness, irritability, weight loss, weight gain, hair loss, cramps in muscles, depression, hot flashes, diarrhea, constipation, weakness, heart rate, palpitations, dry skin , disruption of the menstrual cycle, disturbed sleep and others.

Here is a list of common thyroid tests requested by physicians:

TSH, free and total T4, total T3 and free, anti-thyroid antibodies, Anti-TPO antibodies Anti-thyroglobulins, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies.

Your doctor can advise you on whether you should adjust your medication subsequent to test results.